The science is clear—our climate is changing, and this change is caused by human activity.
There are two main responses to climate change: adaptation and mitigation.
Mitigation involves efforts to lessen the flow and concentration of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by reducing emissions and capturing and sequestering carbon.
Adaptation involves efforts to help people adjust to the impacts that are already being observed or that are anticipated in future. Adaptation can take different forms: everything from building sea walls to guard against rising water levels to behaviour changes like using less water or planting crops that are drought- or flood-resistant.
Tackling climate change requires a global response. We know that when the world takes action together, we can make profound and lasting impact. By backing major initiatives like fossil fuel subsidy reform and climate adaptation planning, we will use our expertise to:
- Directly support clean and just energy transitions in Canada and large emerging economies through advisory and advocacy work.
- Advocate for fossil fuel subsidy reform through our Global Subsidies Initiative.
- Increase the resilience of developing countries to climate shocks and stresses, including by growing the NAP Global Network.
- Drive action on climate adaptation in Canada, leveraging our global and Prairies-focused expertise.
Global Subsidies Initiative
The Global Subsidies Initiative was designed to put the spotlight on subsidies and the corrosive effects they can have on environmental quality, economic development, and governance.
NAP Global Network
The NAP Global Network works with partners in the world’s most vulnerable countries to develop and implement plans to make communities, ecosystems, and economies more resilient to the impacts of climate change.
Climate Change Adaptation
As climate risks escalate, we help governments and communities anticipate, cope, and adapt.
Fossil fuel subsidies make little sense in a world shifting to low-carbon sources of energy to tackle climate change.
We work to identify wasteful practices, encourage new thinking, engage civil society, and support policy reform.
Energy Policy Tracker
Providing a detailed, real-world picture of the current state of support for different energy types in recovery packages around the world.
Prairies Regional Adaptation Collaborative (PRAC)
The Prairies Regional Adaptation Collaborative (PRAC) works to increase capacity on the Canadian Prairies to prepare for the impacts of climate change.
The IISD is focused on supporting the current World Trade Organization negotiations to end harmful fisheries subsidies by the end of 2020.
Analysis and Review of Canadian Think Tank Climate Change and Energy Reports for the Banff Dialogue
This paper, prepared by IISD for the Banff Dialogue on a Canadian National Clean Energy Strategy, examines the state of the national debate between Canadian think tanks over the direction of federal climate change and energy policy.Dave Sawyer and Philip Gass review reports from leading…
Fossil Fuels - At What Cost? Government support for upstream oil and gas activities in Indonesia
The GSI estimates that, globally, subsidies provided to the producers of fossil fuels—oil, gas and coal—could total as much as US$100 billion per year, but nobody knows the real figure as there is no international framework for regularly monitoring and reporting fossil-fuel subsidies.Fossil-fuel…
University Data Centres: Policy and business case for reducing greenhouse gas emissions
In this study, IISD assesses the feasibility of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and generating carbon offsets via the relocation or modification of University Information and Communication Technology (ICT) assets, leveraging Canada's Advanced Research and Innovation Network's (CANARIE's) fibre…
IISD Annual Report 2009-2010
The 2009-2010 IISD Annual Report highlights the theme: Our Vision is 20/20.
Climate Change and Conflict: Lessons from community conservancies in northern Kenya
This report is based on the findings of research carried out in two community wildlife conservancies in northern Kenya earlier this year.
Conflict-Sensitive Conservation: Practitioners' Manual
The Albertine Rift is one of the most biodiverse and ecologically unique regions of Africa. Sadly it has also been the site of some of the world's most violent conflicts in recent history. This turbulent context can pose a range of risks and opportunities to conservationists who are managing resources that can be both a seed of conflict and foundation for peace-building.
Gorillas in the Midst: Assessing the peace and conflict impacts of International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP) activities
Conservation work in conflict zones and across international borders has impacts on more than just wildlife populations and their habitats; it can also have a profound effect on the peace and conflict dynamics in a region.For example, while the International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP)…
WTO Subsidy Notifications: Assessing German subsidies under the GSI notification template proposed for the WTO
This report uses Germany as the test case in applying a template developed by the International Institute for Sustainable Development's Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) for notifying subsidies to the World Trade Organization. The study reveals the template vastly improves subsidy reporting.The…
Other related topics
Even though biodiversity is essential to our existence, it is declining at rates never seen before in human history.
In the transition to clean energy, a just transition can minimize negative impacts and maximize positive opportunities.
Conflict and Peacebuilding
Natural resource management and other environmental factors are linked to violent conflicts in a variety of complex ways.