International trade has enormous potential to foster or frustrate sustainable development.
By allowing for specialization, trade can increase income and contribute to increased well-being. Openness to investment and trade can bring new environmentally friendly technologies and processes. But trade can also allow powerful global demand to deplete countries' natural resources and create increased pollution, and the benefits of trade are not always well distributed among and within nations. In seeking positive outcomes, IISD focuses on both on national-level trade policies and trade rules agreed at the World Trade Organization and in regional agreements.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Part I: A deal too far
The release of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement last fall has unleashed a heated debate over its costs and benefits.Read More
A New Year of Subsidy Reform
2016 begins with two historic global achievements in place to reform subsidies that harm the poor and damage the environment.Read More
TTIP and Climate Change: Low economic benefits, real climate risks
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)—a trade and investment agreement under negotiation between the European Union and United States—can increase emissions and restrict the ability of nations to adequately mitigate and adapt to climate change.Read More