Mining can be critical to achieving the development aspirations of many developing countries and remote regions. Often, however, the local and national development benefits of mining operations have been limited, and, in some cases, the results have even been negative.
Historically, a focus just on mining company rights and the provision of government tax benefits, while giving limited attention to environmental, social and local economic issues, has limited the sector’s contribution to sustainable development. Working to overcome these concerns, governments, companies and communities increasingly recognize the need for a broader understanding of mining’s potential contribution to local and national development. Transforming this awareness into action requires building the capacity, knowledge and tools required for appropriate reform of government and company policies and processes.
IISD has been deeply involved in the development of a Model Mining Development Agreement (MMDA) with the International Bar Association’s (IBA) Mining Law Committee. IISD was invited to join the core administrative group on this IBA project when it began in 2009. Since then, we have engaged with the global legal and business community to develop an approach based on a simple question: What would a mining contract with a developing country look like if one started from the perspective of sustainable development?
As of 2016, IISD serves as the secretariat to the Inter-governmental Forum on Minining, Mineral, Metals and Sustainable Development.
Four Lessons on Communicating ASM from IIED’s Stories of Change Initiative
In this guest column, IIED's Gabriela Flores presents four of the best lessons she has learned in communicating the complex topic of artisanal and small-scale mining.Read More
Digging Out of Conflict: Can Artisanal Mining Support Peacebuilding?
We sit down with Alec Crawford to talk about the relationship between conflict and the artisanal mining sector, and to see if there are opportunities for it to operate alongside peacebuilding efforts.Read More
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Rwanda
This report presents the assessment results for Rwanda, with a view to helping the government target its efforts in implementing the IGF Mining Policy Framework, while informing capacity-building efforts and allowing for monitoring of progress over time.Read More
Managing ASM: IGF Regional Workshop for Africa
A consortium of East African countries requested training on how to implement the IGF Guidance for Governments: Managing Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining. The workshop sought to enhance the capacities of government representatives from 14 African countries, create opportunities for knowledge sharing and establish a community of practice.Read More
2016 IGF Annual Report
The achievements and objectives of the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) are detailed in its first annual report.Read More
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Mongolia
An assessment of Mongolia’s readiness and capacity to implement the Mining Policy Framework (MPF) of the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF).Read More
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Suriname
An assessment of Suriname’s readiness and capacity to implement the Mining Policy Framework (MPF) of the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF).Read More
IGF Guidance for Governments: Managing artisanal and small-scale mining
This guidance document presents a step-by-step process for governments to develop, implement and monitor an effective artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) management strategy.Read More
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Senegal
This assessment assesses the mining laws and policies of Senegal, and the country’s capacity to implement the IGF's Mining Policy Framework (MPF), to ensure that the mining sector contributes to the country's sustainable development.Read More
As Mines Become More Automated, What Happens to the Social Licence to Operate?
We recently examined the impact of this automation on local spending and employment. Our aim was to determine the impact on economic development in host states and, by extension, the mines’ social licence to operate.Read More