Standards Coverage Overview

We are extremely grateful to the participating standards for their support in data provision. The following is an overview of the certification standards covered in this report.

 

 

 

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ASC
The Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) was founded in 2010 and currently certifies in 19 countries1. The ASC standard is based upon the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing2. ASC operates as an independent, not-for-profit in the global aquaculture sector. The initiative is not member-based.

ASC sets individual standards for best environmental and social aquaculture performance for 12 specific species: salmon, shrimp, tilapia, pangasius, freshwater trout, oysters, mussels, clams, scallops, abalone, Seriola (amberjack) and cobia. Currently finalized are seven of the twelve standards: abalone, bivalve, freshwater trout, pangasius, salmon, shrimp and tilapia.3

The initiative operates business to consumer, developing standards and offering accreditation and certification services. ASC’s certificate validity is for three years. All audits are performed by independent, accredited, third-party auditors. ASC offers a separate chain of custody certification and applies the segregation and identity preservation of supply chain traceability to its products. The initiative is funded almost entirely by private funding and grants.

Read More about ASC

 

 

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china

Founded in 2005, China G.A.P. is a government led initiative, developed, supervised and governed by the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People’s Republic of China (CNCA).1 The China G.A.P. set of standards certify primary agricultural production including aquaculture targeted for regional and international trade. The certification scheme operates in China, and covers issues related to food safety as well as environmental and social sustainability.

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1. [http://www.asc-aqua.org/index.cfm?act=tekst.item&iid=4&iids=204&lng=1]
2. [http://www.asc-aqua.org/upload/130626_Press_release_Queens_panga_and_shrimp_noodles_first_ASC_and_MSC_labelled_product_in_Dutch_stores.pdf]
3. [In discussions with ASC it was noted that each standard was developed in isolation and that the initiative is currently undertaking measures to harmonize the standards for more consistency. For the purpose of this Review, four key species have been used in this analysis of ASC: pangasius, salmon, shrimp and tilapia.]
4. [http://www.standardsmap.org]

In addition to the generic aquaculture standard5, ChinaGAP aquaculture standards cover a number of different types of aquaculture systems: pond culture, net enclosed, cage culture, industrial, as well as intertidal mudflat culture, hanging culture and bottom-sowing culture.

ChinaGAP series standards have been benchmarked against GLOBALG.A.P. since 2009; however, ChinaGAP does not currently benchmark its aquaculture standard against the GLOBALG.A.P. standard, only its agriculture standards for the sub-scopes of fruit and vegetables, combinable crops, flowers and ornamentals, and tea.6

China G.A.P. offers certification services and uses a consumer-facing label. The standards’ certificate validity is for one year. Audits are performed by independent, accredited, third-party auditors. China G.A.P. covers the entire production process. Processing, manufacturing or slaughtering is not covered by the standard.7

 

 

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Friend

Friend of the Sea was founded in 2008 and certifies aquaculture and wild caught fisheries. Currently there are FoS certified aquaculture farms in over 23 countries8 and FoS certified fisheries in 28 countries9. The FoS standard follows the FAO Technical Guidelines on Aquaculture Certification and the FAO Guidelines for the Ecolabelling of Fish and Fishery Products from Marine Capture Fisheries. The initiative is a member-based initiative open only to independent NGOs and civil society.

FoS sets standards for best environmental and social performance for inland salt and fresh water aquaculture, marine aquaculture, mussels culture, prawn culture, wild-catch fisheries as well as fishmeal and fish oil.5

The FoS initiative operates business to consumer, developing standards and offering accreditation and certification services. The FoS fisheries and aquaculture certificate validity is for three years. All audits are performed by independent, accredited, third-party auditors. FoS offers a separate chain of custody certification and applies the segregation, identity preservation, mass balance and book and claim models of supply chain traceability to its products. The initiative is funded primarily from fees and services.

The Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) was founded in 1997, and the initiative developed the Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification standards in 2004. The BAP standards adhere to the FAO Technical Guidelines on Aquaculture Certification.

Read More about FoS


5. [GB/T 20014.13—2013, Good agricultural practice, Part 13: Aquaculture base control points and compliance criteria.]
6. [This could change, however, as benchmarking against version 4 GLOBALG.A.P. has not yet been finalized. Direct communication with GLOBALG.A.P. 29 April 2015.]
7. [http://search.standardsmap.org/assets/media/ChinaGAP/English/AtAGlance_EN.pdf]
8. [http://www.friendofthesea.org/certified-products-search.asp?comando=Search&page=1]
9. [http://www.friendofthesea.org/fisheries.asp?ID=71]
10. [http://www.friendofthesea.org/download.asp?ID=1]

 

 

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alliance

The BAP certification facility certifies aquaculture in over 20 countries,11 and covers issues related to food safety as well as environmental and social sustainability. GAA is a member-based initiative open to all interested stakeholders.

Read More about GAA 

 

 

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bap

BAP sets standards, and GAA approves these standards for a wide range of aquaculture species including, but not limited to, shrimp, salmon, tilapia, pangasius, channel catfish, mussels as well as feed mills.12

The GAA initiative operates business to consumer, developing standards and offering certification services through the BAP facility. The BAP aquaculture certificate is valid for one year. All audits are performed by independent, accredited, third-party auditors. BAP does not offer a separate chain of custody certification but certified units are expected to present specified production records for traceability over the past three months at a minimum.13

Read More about BAP

 

 

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The Global Partnership for Good Agricultural Practices was founded in 1997 and launched its aquaculture standard in 2004. Currently, GLOBALG.A.P. certifies aquaculture farms in 23 countries,14 and covers issues related to food safety as well as environmental and social sustainability.The initiative is a member-based initiative open to producers, suppliers, retailers and the food service industry.

GLOBALG.A.P. sets standards for a wide range of fish, crustaceans and molluscs. The standard applies to only hatchery-based farmed species.
GLOBALG.A.P.operates business-to-business, developing standards and offering accreditation and certification services. GLOBALG.A.P’s aquaculture certificate validity is for one year. All audits are performed by independent, accredited, third-party auditors. The initiative offers a separate chain of custody certification and applies the segregation, identity preservation and mass balance models of supply chain traceability to its seafood products. The initiative is funded primarily by fees and services.

Read More about GLOBALG.A.P.


11. [http://www.standardsmap.org]
12. [See http://bap.gaalliance.org/bap-certification/certification-faq/ for a full list of species.]
13. [http://bap.gaalliance.org/bap-standards/]
14. [http://www.globalgap.org/export/sites/default/.content/.galleries/documents/150420_Aquaculture_booklet_en.pdf]

 

 

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ice

Iceland Responsible Fisheries (IRF) was officially launched in 2008 and addresses responsible fisheries management for fish catch originating in Icelandic waters. The IRF standard is based on the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries as well as the FAO Guidelines for the Ecolabelling of Fish and Fishery Products for Marine Capture Fisheries. Currently IRF certifies four Icelandic fisheries for a number of groundfish species.15

IRF operates business to consumer, developing standards and offering certification services. The certificate validity of IRF is five years. All audits are performed by an independent, accredited, third-party auditor, specifically the Global Trust Certification Ltd. company, which is part of SAI Global.

Read More about IRF 

 

 

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msc

The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) was founded in 1997. Currently, MSC certifies all species for wild-caught fisheries across the five global oceans identified by FAO fishing areas,16 and covers issues related to fisheries management and environmental sustainability. The MSC standard follows the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries as well as the FAO Guidelines for the Ecolabelling of Fish and Fishery Products for Marine Capture Fisheries.

MSC operates business-to-consumer, developing standards and offering certification services. MSC’s fisheries certificate has a life-cycle of five years. All audits are performed by independent, accredited, third-party auditors. The initiative offers a separate chain of custody certification and applies the segregation model of supply chain traceability to its seafood products. The initiative is funded primarily by fees and services.

Read More about MSC

 

 

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nature

Naturland Organic was founded in 1982. The initiative launched its Organic aquaculture standard in 1996 and its more recent Organic wild-caught fisheries standard in 2013. Currently, Naturland certifies aquaculture in 19 countries, and has certified wild caught-fisheries in Spain and Germany with pilot projects in Tanzania, Africa.17 The standard covers issues related to environmental and social sustainability.

Naturland’s certified farmed species include shrimp, mussels, salmon, trout, whitefish and carp. The initiative’s wild-caught standard covers all unprocessed products from both freshwater and marine fisheries, specifically species of finfish and invertebrates.

Naturland operates business-to-consumer, developing standards and offering certification services. Naturland’s organic fisheries certificate has a validity period of one year. All audits are performed by independent, third-party auditors. The initiative requires the segregation, identity preservation, mass balance and book and claim models of supply chain traceability be applied to its seafood products. The initiative is funded primarily by fees and services


15. [IRF certifies cod, haddock, siathe and Golden Redfish. See: http://www.responsiblefisheries.is/certification/certified-fisheries/]
16. [http://www.fao.org/fishery/area/search/en.]
17. [http://www.naturland.de/en/naturland/about-naturland.html]

Read More about Naturland