In 2000, IISD and IUCN convened an international Task Force of leading experts to assess the linkages between environment and security and to begin converting what has largely been an academic debate into tools for conservation planning. The Task Force subsequently commissioned a number of case studies from around the world that illustrate the linkages between environment and security.
Based on its research, the Task Force concluded that resource degradation and disaster largely affect the lives and livelihoods of the millions of poor around the world, especially those in indigenous and traditional communities. Loss of livelihoods, in turn, leads to social tension, migration and settlement in inappropriate areas, and often to conflict. It follows then that targeted investments in environmental conservation and the promotion of sustainable and equitable use of natural resources may be significant factors in mitigating disaster risk, reducing social tensions and avoiding costly conflicts.
The Task Force presented its results to the World Conservation Congress in 2000, to wide acclaim. The cases and their recommendations were published in 2002 as a book, launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg.
Environment and Security: Identifying IUCN's Role (PDF - 144 KB)
Outlines IUCN's interest and niche in the Environment and Security field, arguing that this thematic focus is closely linked to the Union's mission, and offers a new way of presenting conservation to a wider public.
IUCN and Conflict Resolution: An Issues Briefing for the CEESP Task Force on Environment and Security (PDF - 107 KB)
Drawing from and expanding on the Gland Workshop Report and Discussion Paper (see above), this paper identifies some of the key issues and a range of options for IUCN to intervene in environment-related conflicts.
Conserving the Peace: Resources, Livelihoods and Security (PDF - 2.7 MB)
This landmark publication lays out the issues in clear terms and describes how better natural resources management can be a cost-effective investment in human security, and what tools are needed for ensuring it does so.
Table of Contents
Overview A: Biodiversity, Conflict and Tropical Forests (PDF - 339 KB)
Jeffrey A. McNeely, IUCN–The World Conservation Union
People, Scarcity and Violence in Pakistan (PDF - 459 KB)
Richard Matthew, University of California–Irvine, Asif Ali Zaidi, IUCN Pakistan
Forests, Fires and Confrontation in Indonesia (PDF - 336 KB)
Charles Victor Barber, International Marinelife Alliance
Resources, Abundance and Competition in the Bosawas Biosphere Reserve, Nicaragua (PDF - 258 KB)
David Kaimowitz, Center for International Forestry Research
Natural Resource Scarcity and Violence in Rwanda (PDF - 328 KB)
James Gasana, Intercooperation
Colonialism and Inequity in Zimbabwe (PDF - 358 KB)
Ryan Hill and Yemi Katerere, IUCN Regional Office for Southern Africa
Overview B: Environmental Degradation and Regional Vulnerability: Lessons from Hurricane Mitch (PDF - 441 KB)
Pascal O. Girot, University of Costa Rica
Turbot and Tempers in the North Atlantic (PDF - 319 KB)
Elizabeth R. DeSombre, Wellesley College, J. Samuel Barkin, University of Florida
Overview C: Conservation in Times of War (PDF - 283 KB)
Judy Oglethorpe, Rebecca Ham, James Shambaugh and Harry van der Linde, Biodiversity Support Programme