In November 2015, the Canadian province of Alberta committed to a phase-out of coal power by 2030. The phase-out of coal power in Alberta will involve the retirement of over 40 per cent of Alberta’s 2016 installed capacity and the de facto phase-out of local thermal coal mines.
The Québec Government has just announced the most ambitious GHG emissions reduction target in Canada – a reduction of 37.5% below 1990 levels by 2030. The province would like to reduce the amount of petroleum-based products used by 40% between now and 2030 and increase the total amount of renewable energy being produced by 25% above the current figure during that same period.
Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous state, is home to the country’s largest number of people without electricity access: as of late 2017, 14.6 million households—49 per cent of the state’s total—are yet to be electrified.
As part of its work on energy policy and sustainable development in Indonesia, the Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) publishes a regular briefing on issues related to energy subsidies.
This paper explores the concept of financial sustainability and proposes a framework to analyze electricity sectors based on this concept. Financial sustainability, as defined here, includes assessment of factors that directly present a cost—such as pricing electricity below the cost of production—in addition to those which may lead to additional costs in the future, such as an inability to make investments to respond to changes in demand.
This paper seeks, where possible, to quantify the costs of subsidies and external costs so that the impact of these policies can be understood. By way of comparison, the costs are presented alongside analysis of the costs and impacts of solar and wind energy.
Ontario has successfully implemented its policy to put an end to coal use in 2014. This energy transition has become “the single largest GHG reduction measure in North America”: since 2007, when coal accounted for about 25 per cent of its electricity generation, Ontario has reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 34 Mt or 17 per cent.