A Citizens' Guide to Energy Subsidies in Bangladesh
Energy subsidies receive a large share of government expenditure in Bangladesh. Bangladesh started subsidizing the retail prices of energy products following independence in 1971. Today, with soaring global prices and rapidly rising demand for fuels, these subsidies take a heavy toll on government finances.
This guide is intended to help citizens understand energy subsidies in Bangladesh. The guide discusses the size of subsidies to different energy types, the segments of society that benefit the most, and how they affect the country’s economy and environment. It also highlights the process of reforming energy subsidies, drawing on the experience of Bangladesh and other developing countries.