Introductions for non-experts

Despite the fact that subsidies have become a central issue on the international agenda, the available information on subsidies is both highly dispersed and highly technical. Most writing on the subject is in the form of scholarly articles or books written by and for economists or trade experts. The GSI's introductions for non-experts aim to fill this gap by explaining subsidy issues in a short and accessible fashion for a general readership.

A Subsidy Primer

A plain-language guide on subsidies, defining their different types, purposes, roots and impacts.

An Animated Introduction to Fossil-Fuel Subsidies: Problems, Opportunities and Making Reform Work Sustainably

This animated video, produced in cooperation between the Global Subsidies Initiative and the World Bank Institute's Climate Change Unit provides a beginner's introduction to fossil-fuel subsidy reform.

An Introduction for Journalists: Approaching the Subsidy Beast

A presentation on how journalists can most effectively approach the issue of subsidies in their writing. through a series of illustrative examples from around the world.

A Citizens' Guide to Energy Subsidies in Malaysia

This guide discusses the costs and benefits of energy subsidies in Malaysia. The guide discusses the size of subsidies to different energy types, the segments of society that benefit the most, and how subsidies affect the country’s economy and environment. It also highlights the process of reforming energy subsidies, drawing on the experience of Malaysia and other countries.

A Citizens' Guide to Energy Subsidies in Thailand

This guide gathers the best available information on the costs and benefits of energy subsidies in Thailand. The guide discusses the size of subsidies to different energy types, the segments of society that benefit the most, and how subsidies affect the country’s economy and environment. It also highlights the process of reforming energy subsidies, drawing on the experience of Thailand and other countries.

A Citizens' Guide to Energy Subsidies in Bangladesh

This guide provides an accessible introduction to the best available information on the costs and benefits of energy subsidies in Bangladesh. The guide discusses the size of subsidies to different energy types, the segments of society that benefit the most, and how subsidies affect the country’s economy and environment. It also highlights the process of reforming energy subsidies, drawing on the experience of Bangladesh and other countries.

A Citizens' Guide to Energy Subsidies in Nigeria

This guide provides an accessible introduction to the best available information on the costs and benefits of energy subsidies in Nigeria. It provides an overview of how various types of energy are subsidized; the implications of these subsidies on various aspects of sustainable development; and how they might be or are being reformed, including a summary of lessons learned from international experience.

A Citizens' Guide to Energy Subsidies in Indonesia

This guide provides an accessible introduction to the best available information on the costs and benefits of energy subsidies in Indonesia. It discusses how energy is subsidized; the implications of these subsidies on sustainable development; and the process of reforming energy subsidies.

A Citizens' Guide to Energy Subsidies in India

This guide provides an accessible introduction to the best available information on the costs and benefits of energy subsidies in India. It discusses why India has historically subsidized energy; and the scale and impacts of subsidies.