Trade and Investment Subsidies

Subsidies often exist because of ambitions related to trade and investment. Trade is also a place where negative effects of subsidies are often felt the hardest - by non-subsidizing countries. At the same time, the world trade regime is the only place where binding international regulation on subsidies has been established: the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (ASCM). The GSI's work on trade and investment explores all these linkages and investigates how the trade regime could address subsidies more effectively.


Investment Incentives

Investment incentives are subsidies designed to affect the location of investments. This paper explores their size and impacts, as well as the regulation in place to control them.

Read More

Reporting German Subsidies Under a WTO Notification Template

The GSI has developed a template to help countries comprehensively notify their subsidies to the World Trade Organisation. This study applies the template to Germany as the test case. It reveals that the template can vastly improve subsidy reporting.

Read More

WTO: Is Trade Pessimism Justified?

Simulations of the welfare gains from a complete liberalization of merchandise trade have changed starkly from the early 2000s: now yielding much smaller gains, particularly for developing countries. This paper opens the 'black box' of trade modeling to explain how the gains of liberalization are modeled and why the results have changed.

Read More


Resources for measuring and analyzing trade and investment-related subsidies.  

Read More