GSI research puts the spotlight on subsidies and the corrosive effects they can have on environmental quality, economic development and governance.

Fossil Fuel Subsidies

For decades, fossil-fuel subsidies have encouraged wasteful spending and harmful emissions. In September 2009, the G-20 agreed to phase them out. GSI research uncovers the characteristics of fossil-fuel subsidies and lessons for reform.

Biofuel Subsidies

Government support for biofuels has soared in recent years as policy makers have sought ways to reduce reliance on fossil fuels, especially petroleum.

Irrigation Subsidies

In a number of countries, irrigation subsidies comprise a significant portion of a country's budgetary expenditure, and may contribute to the depletion of scarce water supplies.

Trade and Investment Related Subsidies

See all research related to the World Trade Organisation including trade models and subsidy notifications.